Yara Porsgrunn at Herøya Industrial Park and Norcem Brevik point the way to full-scale CO2 capture in the processing industry.
"Someone has to take the lead. And we decided to be that someone," say Per Knudsen, Director of Yara Porsgrunn at Herøya Industrial Park, and Per Brevik, Sustainability Director at HeidelbergCement Norway, of which Norcem Brevik is a part.
Last week two industrial plants from the Grenland district, Yara Porsgrunn and Norcem Brevik, together with the Klemetsrudanlegget plant in Oslo, were awarded contracts by Norwegian state enterprise Gassnova for further concept studies into CO2 capture.
"It's very positive that two of us who were involved in the processing industry's ambitious road map, with its clear signals about the considerable costs of the zero emissions vision, are now receiving incentives and funds to continue our work," say Director Per Brevik of HeidelbergCement and Director Per Knudsen of Yara Porsgrunn.
Full value chain
"We are very pleased to have all the bidders on board," said Director of Gassnova Trude Sundset in a Gassnova press release. "They represent industries which in the long run will all require CO2 capture and storage. This climate solution must be taken into widescale use at the global level if we are to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement."
The award by Gassnova is part of the Norwegian government's climate policy and ambition to realise a full-scale demonstration project and create a full value chain for CO2 handling.
CO2 available for capture
As Steiner Kvisle, Head of Technology and Production Support at INOVYN, who was also involved in the road map, told HiP.no in a previous interview, "You could say, with a twinkle of the eye, that we Grenland industries are making our CO2 available for capture!"
The task for Yara and Norcem is to capture CO2 for processing by other players for transport and storage.
"Together we can generate the large volumes necessary for making a significant contribution to a full value chain for CO2 handling," Knudsen says.
According to Per Brevik, Norcem Brevik and Yara Porsgrunn have the potential to capture between 0.9 and 1.2 million tonnes of CO2.
"This means that the potential is far above the minimum requirement of between 400-500 tonnes CO2 for establishing a full value chain," he claims.
What does Yara get out of its part in this work?
"On Yara's side, we are doing this because we want to match up to our social responsibility," Knudsen says. "We have emissions and are constantly working to reduce them. The factory at Herøya Industripark is already one of the most environmentally friendly fertiliser manufacturers, but we hope to do even more. Currently we receive no market payment for our products arising from this work, but we think that that may change."
Positive competition in sustainability
Per Brevik, Director of Sustainability, HeidelbergCement Norway.
Brevik also believes that products with a low carbon footprint will gradually come to generate a profit in the future.
"At the moment, the willingness to pay is not as strong as the increased demand for materials with low carbon footprint. But we can tell that awareness among contractors and the building industry is growing stronger and stronger. Products with a smaller carbon footprint are in increasing demand, while the requirements for documenting reduced carbon footprint are growing sharper. This type of competition is a good thing, and the various materials producers are showing a positive attitude to this development," the Sustainability Director remarks with enthusiasm.
See the film: CO2 capture, vital for achieving the vision of emissions-free production and carbon-neutral products.Interviews with Per Brevik, HeidelbergCement, Eystein Leren, Yara Porsgrunn and Pål Mikkelsen, Klemetsrudanlegget
Extract from Gassnova's press release of 19.04.17
Decisions and future progress
Feasibility studies from July 2016 show that CO2 capture is technically possible at Norcem's cement plant in Brevik, Yara's ammonia plant in Herøya and at the energy recovery plant at Klemetsrud. Future CO2 capture plants will be planned in greater detail and with more accurate cost estimates. The decision basis must be ready by autumn 2018, allowing possible investment decisions to be taken by the Norwegian Parliament in spring 2019.
Plan for a full value chain
The plan is that CO2 from one or more of these plants will be transported by ship to intermediate storage. The CO2 will then be piped to a storage facility under the North Sea. The Smeaheia area, east of the Troll Field and some 50 km from the coast, has been selected as a storage site. The contract with the storage operator is planned for signature before summer. Statoil carried out the feasibility study which identified the Smeaheia area as the optimum storage site.